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Twenty-four hours a day, three hundred sixty-five days a year, this division of our government has a mandate to enforce the criminal law and preserve public peace. Understood in this mandate is an obligation to police everyday life matters that originate in the daily lives and activities of citizens within their community.
Police interact in some form with the average citizen more often than any other government official. In society today the police play a key role in maintaining a civil society.
This role assumes a substantial amount of power and authority over the general public. The question that is presented is, how and why do the police exceed the parameters of their power and authority?
This is an issue that is predominant in urban settings, but not exclusive to these settings. This is an important issue because it effects all people.
The police is a government service to all people, but all people do not feel they are being serviced.
Not everyone is satisfied with the conduct of the police. Why do people feel that police are crossing boundaries that they should not be?
This will be observed from four different aspects in which police are capable of exceeding the parameters of their power and authority: Police are allowed to and must use personal discretion in their determination of law enforcement. Unlike a judge or lawyer a police officer can not gather information and take time to make a prognosis to make a decision affecting the fate of a person.
He must make a quick decision based on his discretion to determine the fate of a person. This is the cause for a further complication in the processes because in order to avoid criticism the police officer then might use his own sense of justice. This "police justice" is basically having the officer conduct his own trial.
That also leads to the fact that citizens who behave antagonistically towards an officer are more likely to be arrested than those who are civil or very differential. Black reported in "Police control of Juveniles", American sociological Review Februarythat when Complaints are present 72 percent of adults who behave antagonistically toward the police are arrested in the field while only 45 percent who are civil and 40 percent who are differential toward the police are arrested.
This is an obvious misuse of discretion. When a police officer treats a citizen antagonistically there is not much the citizen can do, but when it is the citizen acting antagonistically it more than likely will be a determination of guilt.
When a police officers judgment is constantly questioned and his sense of justice is not validated he may lose his commitment to the system. Police are often alienated in the criminal justice system, in a sense there status is demeaned by the decisions of lawyers and judges.
They are treated as less of a professional. One such practice that exacerbates the relationship of the police with the public is harassment" Reiss, p. Reiss offers an alternative explanation to why some citizens feel they have been harassed.
He states that citizens do not call upon the police for things that they feel the police will not believe or will not consider legitimate concerns. Therefore citizens only call upon the police for what they regard as a crisis or important matter.
Likewise, police intervention in the lives of citizens by such means as detaining citizens for questions- regarded by police as routine preventive or investigative work necessary to the role as agents of criminal control- are often regarded by citizens as harassment, infringement upon individual rights, or unauthorized intervention.
These are actions that are obviously abuses of authority, but they do occur. In a survey done by the national Advisory Commission on civil disorders done in fifteen cities showed twenty-two percent of all blacks and six percent of all whites said that they had been frisked or searched without good reason, and twenty percent of all blacks and nine percent of all whites felt that they had been demeaned or had insulting language used on them.
One major way in which in which police cross the boundaries of their power and authority is police corruption. Corruption defined is a direct deal involving cash or assets, or any personal gain for the officer in exchange for official action or inaction.
The corruption of public officials at all levels of government- federal, state, and local- is perceived as widespread by the American public; 2. This shows society that some people can be above the law. This does not promote social order.
It is almost a message that police feel that there are two sets of laws:Political corruption is the abuse of public power, office, or resources by elected government officials for personal gain, by extortion, soliciting or offering bribes.
Corruption. Corruption in India Corruption is the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. It hurts everyone who depends on the integrity of people in a position of authority.
Corruption has been defined variously by scholars. But the simple meaning of it is that corruption implies perversion of morality, integrity, character or duty out of mercenary motives, i.e.
bribery, without any regard. Power Hungry in To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee Society is unwilling to become aware and understand before it judges.
This idea has a lot of effect on the plot of To Kill A Mockingbird. With power comes corruption and/or misuse of power.
The question that is presented is, how and why do the police exceed the parameters of their power and authority? This is an issue that is predominant in urban settings, but not exclusive to these settings. Corruption is the abuse of entrusted power and elected authority for private profit.
Worldwide complaints are heard about politicians and public officials who accept bribes and enrich themselves privately at the expense of the common citizen.
Power corrupts those who possess it is an important theme in Animal Farm. Napoleon, the leader, grows to be corrupt, selfish, and beguiling. and misuse his authority .