Messenger This article is part of our series of explainers on key moments in the past years of world political history. In it, our authors examine how and why an event unfolded, its impact at the time, and its relevance to politics today.
He came to power as a member of a council of military leaders after the overthrow of the communist government of President Salvador Allende. US intelligence reports implicated Allende in the assassination of several opponents,  while KGB files smuggled out of Russia by Vasily Mitrokhin indicate that Allende received funds from the Soviet Union.
General Pinochet headed a military government for 17 years which suppressed communist revolutionaries in Chile.
The constitution introduced an amnesty law for all military officials, and Pinochet granted himself the title of senator for life Senador vitalicio that would be enacted once he left the post of Commander in Chief of the Chilean Armed Forces.
General Pinochet instituted free market reforms in Chile in the s that resulted in lower inflation and an economic boom. During his time in power, including the coup, at least 1, people were killed or vanished in the military crackdown on Left Wing Terrorism in Chile.
The most common estimate is that 3, were killed,  while other estimates go as high as 10, Of the confirmed 2, Marxist guerrillas and left-wing radicals killed or missing in the 17 years of the Chilean military government, 1, died or disappeared between 11 September and 31 December Universities were purged of terrorist sympathizers, Marxist books were burned, and rival political parties banned.
Thousands of members of the Socialist Party of Chile and the Communist Party of Chile fled the country out of fear of the secret policewhich allegedly tortured citizens.
Pinochet moved Chile into a market economy, privatizing many inefficient government businesses, and opening the country to foreign investment. The stability that his government gave encouraged foreign investors to come to Chile. He also started one of the first private pension accounts pension systems in the world, which has been highly successful.
Using its leverage over Pinochet to curtail Chilean human rights abuses, the US simultaneously pressured Chile to introduce a series of economic reforms, a process that escalated sharply in the eighties. In turn, this allowed Chile to make a long-term transition to sustainable democratic rule that would likely have been otherwise inconceivable.
Inthe leftists who had long hated Pinochet arranged for his arrest while he was in London receiving medical treatment. An unprecedented arrest warrant was issued in Spain for alleged human rights violations that occurred in Chile while he was president.
The stunt failed, and Pinochet was subsequently returned to Chile due to his ill health. He was later indicted and charged with kidnapping 19 supporters of Salvador Allende during the coup in which Pinochet took power.
Pinochet died of a heart attack on December 10, Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (born November 25, ) joined the Chilean army in He rose through the ranks and was appointed Commander in Chief by President Salvador Allende in Born: Nov 25, Augusto Pinochet Ugarte.
Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (born ) led the military movement of that toppled the elected Chilean government. An army general, he proceeded to govern in an authoritarian manner while attempting to rebuild the economy and permanently alter Chile's political system. General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (November 25, – December 10, ) was a Chilean army general and president who led Chile from to He became leader after he overthrew Salvador Allende, a socialist president.
Augusto Pinochet Ugarte presided over the longest period of authoritarian dictatorship in Chilean history. The country is governed in accordance with the constitution of , approved by a plebiscite called by General Pinochet to change the constitution of General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, a career military officer, was appointed Commander in Chief of the Chilean army by President Salvador Allende on August Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (/ ˈ p iː n ə ʃ eɪ /; Spanish: [auˈɣusto pinoˈ(t)ʃe, -ˈ(t)ʃet]; 25 November – 10 December ) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between and who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between and