Additional information Article last updated on Thu 25 May All references are available in the References tab. American College of Gastroenterology.
In fact, some believe that Internet surveying and electronic data collection may revolutionize many disciplines by allowing for easier data collection, larger samples, and therefore more representative data. However, others are skeptical of its usability as well as its practical value. The paper highlights both positive and negative outcomes Effects of various on data collection in a number of e-research projects, focusing on several common mistakes and difficulties experienced by the authors.
The discussion focuses on ethics and review board issues, recruitment and sampling techniques, technological issues and errors, and data collection, cleaning, and analysis. Internet; data collection; research ethics; sampling Suggested Citation: Journal of Research Practice, 2 2Article D1. Retrieved [date of access] from, http: Internet as a Research Tool With the advancement of information and communication technology, researchers have found new methods of data collection and analysis.
This has evolved from telephone surveys, computerized data analysis, and use of cell phones and pagers, to collecting information at random intervals, use of Personal Digital Assistants or "PalmPilots"and use of the Internet in research.
Although the Internet is fast becoming a common fixture in contemporary life in many parts of the world, it remains relatively unused for primary data collection in many research fields.
Increasingly, however, the Internet is being treated as a rich source for literature and secondary data in social science research. Until relatively recently, use of the Internet for primary data collection required the researcher to either know HTML or have someone else create a new program. Fortunately, within the past few years a number of new technological solutions and services have emerged that allow the researcher to create studies i.
This has coincided with a large increase in studies using the Internet to collect primary data. Of course, these impressive percentages are based on low base figures; Internet use in research still remains rather limited. By its very nature, the Internet appears to be a very promising medium for researchers.
As a vehicle for data collection, it promises increased sample size, greater sample diversity, easier access and convenience, lower costs and time investment, and many other appealing features.
It is even possible to use the Internet for pilot testing media messages and advertisement campaigns. But without careful attention, the researcher may get into difficulties. It is the purpose of this article to expose some of the potential pitfalls awaiting the unwary researcher.
Along with the potential pitfalls, solutions utilized by the authors are also discussed.
Internet-Based Data Collection We have encountered a number of issues in our various attempts at using the Internet for primary data collection.
A list of such issues must include those associated with research ethics guidelines, technical snags arising from power failures, data cleaning requirements, and low response rate. Sometimes, the experience has been so frustrating as to make manual data collection through paper-and-pencil research packets appear more attractive.
However, with experience, we have learnt to be judicious in selecting the appropriate data collection method for a given research project and taking the necessary precautions if we choose to use the Internet.
Researchers, especially psychologists, have often looked at the method of data collection with regard to the impact it can have on results. These will always be important when designing data collection instruments. The design of the instrument should be informed by the research question being addressed.
Each of these response types is easily available in an electronic format. They have found test-retest reliabilities for both formats to be nearly equal, indicating that both formats can generate equally reliable data assuming that the participants are cooperative and truthful, and the questions are valid.
They have also found internal consistency, predictive validity, and recruitment trends within socio-demographic categories to be comparable between the two formats. In essence, the mode of data collection i. Collecting data from people with poor reading comprehension or those not accustomed to taking paper-and-pencil tests is already known to be difficult.
Similarly, while using electronic data collection methods, the respondents' lack of familiarity with computers could be an issue. In some of our survey research projects, we have compared the paper-and-pencil method with the computer based method.
In our pilot tests, we have found that the computer based method was usually faster because of the respondents' familiarity and ease with the computer keyboard and the mouse.Manage and grow your fleet of planes as they fly interesting people and cargo to over cities around the map.
Unlock everything from tiny prop planes to jumbo jets and small town airports to mega cities. Introduction to Methods of Data Collection By now, it should be abundantly clear that behavioral research involves the collection of data and that there are .
Modes of data collection. There are several ways of administering a nationwidesecretarial.com a survey, different methods can be used for different parts.
For example, interviewer administration can be used for general topics but self-administration for sensitive topics.
Compiled for the Adolescent and School Health sector of the CDC, Data Collection and Analysis Methods is an extensive list of articles pertaining to the collection of various forms of data including questionnaires, focus groups, observation, document analysis, and .
Methods of data Collection:Primary Data • 1) OBSERVATION METHOD: Observation method is a method under which data from the field is collected with the help of observation by the observer or by personally going to the field.
Charles S. Peirce randomly assigned volunteers to a blinded, repeated-measures design to evaluate their ability to discriminate weights. Peirce's experiment inspired other researchers in psychology and education, which developed a research tradition of randomized experiments in laboratories and specialized textbooks in the s.