Contact Author Psychology is the study of the mind. There are a few different ways to study the mind and all of them have their own significant contributions to the field. The psychodynamic view and the humanistic view are both unique in that they are almost complete polar opposites within the field of psychology.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 33 studies 0. However, it also demonstrates that the effect of anti-depressants is actually much smaller than either CBT or psychodynamic psychotherapy.
Similarly, the overall size of the treatment effect of psychodynamic psychotherapy is significantly larger than for either CBT or medication. In addition, the table above demonstrates that the treatment effect for psychodynamic psychotherapy is even larger when the patient population being studied has more severe psychological issues, such as a diagnosis of a personality or a complex disorder i.
Treatment Effect after Treatment Concludes However, the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of any treatment cannot be evaluated by the degree of change at the conclusion of the study.
Average time to relapse to pre-treatment level of functioning was 3. In contrast, several studies demonstrate that the treatment effect of psychodynamic psychotherapy does not begin to diminish over time.
In fact, it continues to grow stronger over time. Growth in post-treatment effect is shown below: Effect Size depending upon diagnostic group — see Abbass et.
However, the treatment effect of psychodynamic treatment continues to grow long after treatment concludes: A study by de Maat et. The same study demonstrated that the effect grew an additional 0. Forty-six independent treatment samples totaling patients were included.
The magnitude of change between pretreatment and posttreatment aggregated across all studies 46 treatment samples for overall outcome was large effect size 1. The increase of treatment effectiveness and the greatly diminished chance of relapse in comparison to CBT and medication needs to be taken into consideration when assessing cost-effectiveness of various treatments.
Looking further into CBT In several large-scale implementations of CBT as the treatment of choice in state sponsored programs in Scotland and Sweden there was no discernable beneficial effect over the long-term.
A follow-up evaluation see Durham et. No evidence was found for an association between more intensive therapy and more enduring effects of CBT.
Karolinska Institut a medical university conducted an evaluation of the program in two studies.
The final conclusion of the research team enlisted to evaluate the program was: Session Frequency and Duration of Treatment: Another criticism of psychodynamic therapies is the tendency for some therapies to take place at a frequency of greater than once per week and to have a longer duration.
However, there is evidence for additional effectiveness in psychodynamic therapy when session frequency increases and the duration is longer.
A study in Stockholm Sandell et al. Two groups were treated in 3—4 times weekly psychoanalysis or 1—2 times weekly psychoanalytically oriented therapy. Although both groups improved significantly, treatment duration and session frequency were positively correlated with long-term clinical outcome.
They found that there was a statistically significant incremental gain from the treatment from one to two sessions per week and an additional gain when session frequency moved from two to three times per week. Frequency was positively correlated with specific symptomatic relief and with satisfaction with the treatment received.
In addition, there was a close relationship between frequency and duration of treatment the overall effectiveness of treatment. In a review by Leischsenring et. However, in series of meta-analyses, LTPP was shown to be superior to shorter forms of psychotherapy, especially in complex mental disorders.It is wrongheaded to define CBT against PD as if they were horses in a race.
The place of psychoanalytic and psychodynamic treatments within psychiatry is controversial (Auchincloss ; Gabbard, Gunderson and Fonagy.
In a large scale review of meta-analyses (a statistical method of combining multiple studies to create a larger subject pool) Shedler () was able to compare the “effect size” of medication only treatments for depression, CBT and other behavioral treatments, and psychodynamic treatments across dozens of studies and thousands of patients.
May 19, · Psychology is the study of the mind. There are a few different ways to study the mind and all of them have their own significant contributions to the field. The psychodynamic view and the humanistic view are both unique in that they are almost complete polar opposites within the field of psychology Reviews: Freud and Psychodynamic Theory - Freud and Psychodynamic Theory Freud was born on May 6, , in the Moravian town of Freiberg, then a part of the .
Psychodynamic approach is regarded as unscientific because it cannot be measured or manipulated, whereas cognitive approach is regarded as scientific since it considers the brain is similar to a computer where information can be manipulated.